Polish history between 1939 and 1945 marks a period when Poland was subjected to invasion by Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union. By the end of World War II, the Germans and Soviets record a slaying of almost 2 million ethnic Poles. Adolf Hitler of Germany was the main contributor behind the World War II massacre; his invasion of Poland triggered the war. Let us learn more about Poland and World War II.
The Beginning Of War: Poland And World War II
World War II continued for another six years that claimed the lives of seventy million people. During the tenure of the war, Britain and France declared war on the Nazis soon after the German invasion of Poland; the United States joined the warfare in December 1941. To brief, Adolf Hitler dreamt of empowering the whole of Europe, Poland was annexed the first target to establish power.
Situation Of Poland During Invasion
Adolf Hitler, of Germany, is recognized as a ruthless dictator in history. He dreamt of winning over the whole of Europe. It turned out so, the military under Hitler’s ownership was stronger than others. Hence Europe’s other powers were reluctant to intervene. World War I started in 1914. This war resulted in the defeat of the Germans in 1919, after which parts of Germany carved up to form new countries, Poland was among those.
Poland supposed to be an independent nation in 1795 till 1919. Czechoslovakia was created by combining ethnic groups Czechs and Slovaks. But the German population was present in both countries. Hitler was contemplating to take possession of both Poland and Czechoslovakia in concern to enhance power. The main motto of Hitler was the anticipation of the spread of power.
Policy Of Appeasement
The infamous Munich Agreement of 1938, made Hitler more powerful when war resulted. British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain accepted Hitler’s annexation of Sudetenland in this agreement. In fear of Germany’s intention to annex portions of Soviet Union down the line, Joseph Stalin of Russia wanted to tie-up with their once rivals Germany, who were opponents in World War I.
Historic enemies came under one umbrella and signed the “non-aggression pact” in 1939. Stalin did not resist when Hitler crossed the border and entered Poland; in fact, Stalin was planning an invasion of Poland from the East. In spite of Polish troupes being enthusiastic about fighting, the succumbed to the enhanced war resources available with the German soldiers.
German Superiority And Polish Causality
Historians claim while Germany had 3600 armored vehicles, Poland had only 950. In the coming days, France and Britain declared war over Germany. Hitler’s aggression and violation of agreements made in Munich left the allies furious, as Hitler committed to gain no more territorial benefits beyond Czechoslovakia. Annoyance and distrust provoked yet another war against the Germans. Poland succumbed to invasions from the East by the Soviets. About 5.5 million Polish people died. Post Nazi invasion, the Jewish sect was most affected. The intent to evacuating the Nazis, “Warsaw Uprising,” was unsuccessful.
Poland, by virtue of World War II, lost millions of lives. Most were Polish Jews. Nazis and Soviets provoked an inhuman atmosphere, forced polish people to slavery and cleansing. The defeat of Nazis in 1945, however, failed to promote any freedom for the Polish people.