World war 2 happened because of some unresolved disputes post World War 1. By the end of the war, new countries in Europe and the Middle East formed. It also resulted in the formation of the Soviet Union with the collapse of the Russian Empire. Italy joined Germans as both had similar nationalist policies, which was against socialist ideas of an egalitarian and classless society. Italian socialist party, which was a major democratic party under the monarch before world war 1, had its philosophy oriented towards “no aggression” meant that taking part in the war and conquering countries was never a progressive method. However, they lost the support of the masses due to the formation of a party led by Benito Mussolini, whose ideas were based on wars as a medium of improving the economic status of the nation.
Early Life Of Mussolini
Benito Mussolini was born in 1893. He ruled Italy from 1922 -1945. His father was a black Smith and mother, a teacher. Mussolini went to Switzerland in search of a job in the smithy. He came back to Italy to join the Italian socialist party and soon become a prominent leader with his excellent oratory skills. However, he did never convinced of the socialist idea of adopting a neutral stand in wars. He left the Italian socialist party to form a new party that favored war as a means of progression. He termed it as revolutionary nationalism
Mussolini fought the world war as commander from 1914 and 1919, which earned him recognition for its war exploits. He fought the world war as commander from 1914 and 1919, which earned him recognition for its war exploits. Mussolini fought the world war as commander from 1914 and 1919, which earned him recognition for its war exploits.
Rise To Power
Mussolini’s new party become famous, and he became the 27th Prime minister of Italy in 1922. He made a lot of changes in the subsequent years to make the country as one nation one policy and in the process become a dictator
Though Mussolini fascism was on conquering lands, he never supported world war 2. He was keen on extending the Italian empire in North Africa. His first aggression was the war on Libya for the killing of an Italian general.
When he signed agreements with hostile countries to prevent war he stood on his principle of staying neutral on the world. However, the German invasion of Poland made the United Kingdom declare war on Germany. Italy owed allegiance due to the same ideology of Germany.
Mussolini sent forces to assist the German invasion of France. He had also planned to attack the United Kingdom that was spoiled by the defeat of Germans in the Soviet union.
After the capture of Germany, it became sure that axis domination in the war would end.
In 1945, allies invaded Italy. Some facist countries helped Mussolini to escape to Northern Italy and set a provincial government. However, the allies captured the entire Italy. Italian socialists captured Mussolini while they flee to Switzerland.
Mussolini was executed by a firing squad in 1945. It was an end to fascism and imperialism.