World war two was fought between colonial powers Britain, France, Netherlands, along with the United States and the axis powers, namely Germany, Italy, Japan, and the Soviet Union.
The war witnessed massive scale destruction of life and property. The war was started by Axis powers to conquer and rule other nations, which till then were ruled by colonial superpowers. It also marked the end of imperialism and paved the way for democracy and independence of other countries. The proponents of peace emerged from allies, most notable among them was General De Gaulle from the Republic of France and Winston Churchill from Great Britain.
General De Gaulle
He was the architect of French political and economic growth and was instrumental in bringing peace to Europe. He served France as the president for two terms between 1958 and 1969. Also led the French provincial government in 1944
Early Life And Career Of General De Gaulle
Gaulle was born on 22nd November 1890. His full name was Charles Andre Joseph Marie de Gaulle.
He became General de Gaulle after he joined the French military that fought world war 1, his expertise in designing war equipment, most notably mobile Armoury served France in the second world war. He became undersecretary of war in 1940 and led the battle against the axis powers.
General De Gaulle formed a provincial government in exile following discord with the then french dispensation policy of colonialism. He continued to fight against the axis powers but opposed the French rule vehemently in Algeria, which was fighting for liberation from the French government. He was elected as the head of the provincial government in 1944 and served till 1946. The most notable achievement was the introduction of economic reforms through state control of business entities. It paved the way for thirty years of prosperity. He also initiated a campaign against colonialism and amended the third constitution to usher in peace and harmony post world war II.
French national assembly called him back in 1958 to manage the conflict with Algeria, which lasted for seven years and caused severe damage to the nation’s growth. De Gaulle brought in the fifth constitution to rebuild France as an independent, sovereign and secular nation. He acceded to Algerian demand for independence in 1962, despite protests within the country. He liberated many countries during his tenure and established a strong relationship with Germany to make Europe a potent power. Another notable achievement is the development of a nuclear arm. It catapulted France to the superpower status and veto power.
He continued till 1969 as the president before a referendum rejected him. De Gaulle was the French architect in rebuilding France during the post-war period. He ushered in an era of zero tolerance to colonialism and economic prosperity. General De Gaulle also wrote his war memoirs in 1950, which served as the basis for literature in France. He was a leader with great vision, with a propensity for peace and sovereignty. Gaulle had two children Phillps and Anne Elizabeth. He passed away on 9th November 1970.