Francisco Franco ruled over Spain from 1939 until his death. He was the leader of Nationalist Forces that threw the democratically elected Spanish Democratic Republic during the Spanish Civil War. Though officially Spain never admitted it, Nazis and Fascists helped him to be the dictator of the country. Francisco Franco adopted the title of “El Caudillo,” which means “The Leader,” and to keep this status, he did every possible thing and acts. In this article, we will get to know about the life and dictatorship of Francisco.
Early Life Of Francisco Franco
Francisco Franco was born in 1892 at the naval center of El Ferrol in Galicia. Young Franco was more disciplined than the other boys of his age, maybe because of his father, who was a Naval Officer. He started his career as a soldier, but when Spain faces situations like civil war, he joined the right-leaning rebel movement. During the Spanish Civil War (1936–1939), Franco rose in the army. Later on, he imposed the brutal military dictatorship on Spain. During the early years of his dictatorship, approx ten thousand people either executed or imprisoned.
Franco And The Spanish Civil War
During the initial days of the Civil War in Spain, Francisco didn’t show any interest in it. On July 18 1 1936, he announced Nationalist manifesto the Canary Islands. It was the time when Franco actively participated in the civil war. He went to Morocco to control the troops, and soon he received the support of Nazis and Fascist. Both leaders from Germany and Italy wanted to use Spain and power Francisco Franco for their betterment in the upcoming war.
In October 1936, Francisco got the victory over his enemies within the countries. Now, Franco was announced as the head of the government and the commander-in-chief of the armed forces. But it was not the end, for the next three years, Francisco and Nationalist Forces led by him had to fight with the left-wing Republicans. During the Spanish civil war, Nationalist Forces were getting help from Germany and Italy, and left-wing Republicans were getting help from the Soviet Union. On April 1, 1939, Franco announced that the Spanish Civil War has ended, and the left-wing surrendered completely.
Francisco As El Caudillo
Now Francisco has become the El Caudillo, the leader, and this leadership will going continue for the next ten decades. To be the dictator of Spain till his death, Francisco gets his enemies killed or imprisoned them. He established a network of the secret police in the country. In enforced rules on the people of Spain like to outlawed all the religions in the country except Catholicism. He also imposed a ban on Catalan and Basque languages.
Francisco Franco During WWII
During World War 2, Spain chose to be neutral, but this stand made things more complicated for the country. Later on, Franco sent a troop of 50,000 volunteers to fight against the Soviets and to help Germany. He also opened the ports of Spain for Germany’s ship and submarines. With time, he released his grip over the country. After his death in 1975, the state conducted the election in 1977, and now it’s a democratic nation.