Marshal Philippe Petain is known as a traitor for being a Nazi collaborator in the Second World War. In the first world war, Philippe Petain was a great French soldier. He was a courageous and brave French general at the start of the world war I battle in 1914. Petain earned accolades for stopping the Germans at the Battle of Verdun successfully. He assumed the post of the French defense forces in 1917 and held high series of top military positions in the French army.
Moreover, they honored Petain as the chief of the State after the invasion of Germany in 1940. It was another feather to his achievements. However, he died in prison for treason after the second world war for collaborating with the Nazis. Hence, it is noteworthy to know some essential facts about the highly controversial figure.
Philippe Petain Known As The Lion Of Verdun
Battle of Verdun was one of the most extended battles of the First World War between German and French armies. Petain led the French side to victory. As a result, he was titled ‘Lion of Verdun’.
Philippe Petain, Highly Respected War Hero
At the end of the First World War, Phillippe is known to be the most accomplished defense army and France’s military hero. Moreover, he was gifted with a baton of Marshal in France at a public ceremony to honor his accomplishments as a French defense.
Role On Governance
In 1934, Phillippe Petain became a minister of the war. Henceforth, Petain made a minister of the State. In addition to this, his post rose as a French ambassador to Spain, and when France went the attack underway from Germany, Philip Petain took on the role of deputy prime minister.
Armistice With Nazi- Germany
In June 1940, Petain asked for an armistice with Germany giving Germans control over western and northern France, including Paris. Thereafter, Petain as the chief of State with its capital at Vichy added to his honors. As the head of Vichy in France, he replaced the country motto from “Liberty, Equality, and Fraternity” to “Work-Family and Country.” Though Vichy was a neutral regime, in reality, under Chief Philip Petain, it had a close collaboration with Nazi Germany.
The Vichy government co-operated with Nazi Germany to deport all French Jews and also jews outside the state to the Gestapo extermination camp.
Imprisoned To Death After World War II
Post WW2, Phillippe Petain arrested and found guilty on the charges of treason with his country, France. His conviction was leniently dealt with by Charles de Gaulle. He was the French chef who led the French resistance against Nazi Germany in WW2. He respected Petain’s age and service during WWI for France. Henceforth, Petain was under life imprisonment. in prison. Finally, he died in 1951 at the age of 95 in a private home.