If you will ask any History students that when the Second World War started, then the answer would be 1st September 1939. But an expert will tell you that WW II began at a different year for a different country. For Jews, the Second World War started in 1933 when Hitler became the Chancellor of Germany. For Guernica, World War II began in 1937.
It was 26 April 1937, when the sky of the Basque town of Guernica witnessed the presence of the German Air Force. The German Air force or Luftwaffe bombed the city and the civilians. Without any prior warning killing the civilians is a barbaric act even today. The air force dropped the bomb on the town when most of the people were out of their houses. It was Monday and there was a fair in the city. The Air Force was aware of the busiest hours of the town and intended to kill more and more people.
Importance Of Bombing On Guernica In WW II
During the Civil War in Spain, Guernica faced this barbaric attack. Though the Ariel bombing happened in Guernica, Germany was directly involved in it. During 1937 Spain was facing the civil war. To help Franco and his fascist forces, Hitler sent his air force so that the democratically elected government can be defeated.
The German Air Force carried the Ariel bombing, but few elements of the Italian Royal Air Force were also involved in this. The barbaric act of attack on Guernica was the first joint operation by Hitler, Francisco Franco, and Mussolini.
Controversy Of Bombing
The bombing on civilians cannot be considered a part of the war. In Guernica, the Germany Air Force dropped the bombs to kill civilians. Those who escaped from the bombing got killed by the firing of machine guns installed in the fighter planes. The eyewitnesses say more than thousands of bullets were fired on the civilians. The number of military people who lost their lives was less. In this controversial aerial bombing, more than sixteen hundred people lost their lives. The act of firing and dropping the bombs was too horrifying that it destroyed the city. The remaining parts of the town were on fire for the next three days.
Rehearsal Of War
The German Air Force bombing on Guernica was a rehearsal of war. The act did by the Luftwaffe was later identified as the Act of Terror. The action was against the rules of war, but the German force did it to tell the world that in the future, the same kind of activities can take place. After the attack on this small city, Hitler was happy, and he saw this attack as the power presentation of the German Air force. Though on the sky of this small city, no jet was available to fight back with the German Air Force, but Hitler considers his Air Force equal to British Air Force. All the countries in the world criticized this act. The Germans denied their involvement in the attack. Francisco Franco blamed his rivals for this act.